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Translation into English of Tchaikovsky's Name

I would like to know which is the best way to translate into english Tchaikovsky`s name. Moreover, it must be the one which is more used in the world.



If your mean, what is the most common way of spelling the composer's name (which in Russian was Петр Ильич Чайковский) in the English language, then that would be "Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky". But the composer himself used "Tchaikovsky", "Tschaikovsky" and "Tschaikowsky" when writing in other languages, while "Chaykovskiy" would be a more literal transliteration.

Here are some other versions from the Library of Congress catalog (

  • Ciaikovsky, Piotr Ilic
  • Tschaikowsky, Peter Iljitch
  • Tchaikowsky, Peter Iljitch
  • Ciaikovsky, Pjotr Iljc
  • Cajkovskij, Petr Il'ic
  • Tsjaikovsky, Peter Iljitsj
  • Czajkowski, Piotr
  • Chaikovsky, P. I.
  • Csajkovszkij, Pjotr Iljics
  • Tsjaïkovskiej, Pjotr Iljietsj
  • Tjajkovskij, Pjotr Ilitj
  • Čaikovskis, P.
  • Chaĭkovskiĭ, Petr Il'ich
  • Tchaikovski, Piotr
  • Tchaikovski, Piotr Ilyitch,
  • Chaĭkovskiĭ, Petr
  • Tchaikovsky, Peter
  • Tchaïkovsky, Piotr Ilitch
  • Tschaikowsky, Pjotr Iljitsch
  • Tschajkowskij, Pjotr Iljitsch
  • Tchaïkovski, P. I.
  • Ciaikovskij, Piotr
  • Ciaikovskji, Piotr Ilijich
  • Tschaikowski, Peter Illic
  • Tjajkovskij, Peter
  • Chaĭkovski, P'otr Ilich,
  • Tschaikousky
  • Tschaijkowskij, P. I.
  • Tschaikowsky, P. I.
  • Chaĭkovski, Piotr Ilich
  • Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich
  • Čajkovskij, Pëtr Ilič
  • Tschaikovsky, Peter Ilyich
  • Tchaikofsky, Peter Ilyitch
  • Tciaikowski, P.
  • Tchaïkovski, Petr Ilitch
  • Ciaikovski, Peter Ilic
  • Tschaikowski, Pjotr
  • Tchaikowsky, Pyotr
  • Tchaikovskij, Piotr Ilic

The word Tchaikovsky is difficult to translate literally, but "like a sea-gull" or "of a sea-gull" comes close.

Brett Langston

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This page was last updated on 05 November 2013